As solar has entered the mainstream in the past decade, corporations and institutions with massive energy bills have started to realize how much money they can save by switching to solar power. There’s already a strong case for residential rooftop solar, but you can make an even more convincing argument for solar in the commercial sector where prices are lower and overall savings can be dramatic. In this article, we’ll focus on schools and universities, explain why many educational institutions across the country are installing solar, and detail how the process works.
How does the process work for schools and universities installing solar?
When it comes to major financial decision for an institution like a school, one thing is certain: the process will not be simple. Depending on whether the switch to renewable energy is handled by an Office of Sustainability or general facilities and operations, there will likely be a committee designated to research and review solar bids and determine if the project is economically viable.
Solar is a fairly complex subject with a broad learning curve on subjects ranging from tax credits to equipment to financing options.
The stakeholder in charge of the request for proposal (RFP) for the solar installation will first need to review the options for both financing and installation.
In terms of how to pay for solar, the primary debate is between buying the system outright or contracting with a third party owner using a lease or power purchase agreement (PPA). Most schools are nonprofit institutions, which means they can’t take advantage of solar tax breaks. As a result, the majority of school installations tend to use lease or PPA options to finance the system. However, depending on the contractor you work with, the economics could still make more sense to purchase the system in the end.
Schools also need to decide whether to install an on-site or off-site system, which is determined by how much energy is needed and how suitable the school or university’s roof is for solar. For large educational institutions that house thousands of students and provide offices for faculty, installing off-site is the best way to build a solar array that can generate power to meet a significant portion of electricity needs. For a small or medium sized institution, it will make the most sense to install on-site – the school’s roof and surrounding grounds should provide ample space for a rooftop or ground mount installation.
What are the benefits of schools or universities installing solar panels?
For those still wondering why their school should switch to solar power, there are a number of practical reasons beyond the desire to help the environment and reduce carbon footprint. Here are the top 3 reasons schools across the U.S. are choosing solar energy:
1) Ideal roof types and array space make solar a great option
A barrier for the residential solar market is the reality that many homes do not have suitable roofs or location types for solar, which makes a PV installation less cost-effective. For colleges and K-12s, the situation is reversed: the typical layout of a school is ideal for a solar installation because of flat roofs that provide plenty of unshaded space for the installation. A building’s roofing material and roof angle can greatly impact solar panel output and efficiency, illustrating why this suitability indicator is so important.
2) Solar cuts overall operating costs for the school
Over the past decade, electricity prices have been rising and the cost of energy is expected to continue to increase over time. Volatile prices set on the utility market can make it difficult for schools to plan and budget for the future. A clear way to take control of energy costs is to go the autonomous route by installing solar to generate your own power from the school’s rooftop. As of 2016, solar is the cheapest resource of energy in the world, and big commercial bids are often where the lowest prices are seen.
On the EnergySage Solar Marketplace, there’s a clear trend: as systems get bigger, the cost per watt of a solar panel system falls. The world record for lowest-cost solar energy was set last year in Dubai with a massive solar array bid at under 3 cents per kilowatt-hour, which illustrates why large institutions like schools and colleges stand to benefit the most from going solar.
Big corporations like Apple, Facebook and Google recognize the financial benefits and have launched massive solar farms to power data centers and operations in the past few years. When you pair this commercial-scale benefit with the reality that educational institutions are always looking to find ways to reduce operational costs and lower tuition dues, solar can significantly contribute to savings for a college or K-12 school.
3) Solar powered schools can improve sustainable brand image, help enrollment
For many students in the modern era, especially in liberal urban environments, the prospect of going to a school or university that is seen as being sustainable and eco-conscious can be a distinguishing factor. Thousands of students seek out schools that will be the best environment to study sustainable practices and green policy, which makes solar-powered universities a very attractive option.
The sustainability movement has taken off in a major way, and the majority of universities have established some type of Office of Sustainability to promote green practices. Having a massive solar array on a school’s rooftop is an easy way to establish a green power brand and offer an edge for students trying to decide between two colleges of similar appeal. Additionally, schools and universities are associated with innovation and thus, having the newest, most carbon conscious and efficient form of energy will certainly affirm credibility that a school in question is truly a progressive institution.
Which schools in the U.S. are leading the way in solar energy?
If you are a stakeholder for a school considering solar, you are certainly not alone. Thousands of schools have already installed solar on-site or on-campus in some form, including big names like Yale, Princeton, Northwestern, University of San Diego and University of Arizona. In addition to colleges and universities, 3,700 K-12 schools have installed solar in the U.S. to date, reaching over 3.7 million students, according to the Solar Foundation’s report.
Even though many schools have already made the switch to solar, there is real evidence that thousands more would see huge improvements from sourcing their power from the sun. The Solar Foundation’s report on solar powered schools revealed that, of the 125,000 K-12 schools in the U.S., some 72,000 of them would likely see economic benefits from installing a solar system. Furthermore, the report determined that 450 school districts could each individually reap $1 million in energy savings over a 30-year period if they switched to solar energy.
Three tips when solar shopping for schools and universities
When it comes to solar quotes, the more the merrier
The solar shopping process can be a time-consuming one, and school procurement procedures can be complex. Part of your research process should be a thorough consideration of every option available to you and every installer that serves your area. In order to find every solar contractor near you and not just those on billboard ads and TV commercials, you’ll want to leverage a large installer network like EnergySage has. If you’d like to get some free quotes from pre-screened installers in your state or even town, register your property on our Solar Marketplace – using a marketplace increases the list of vendors that will be competing for the project and ensures the best deal for your school.
The largest installer will not always quote you the best price
The “bigger isn’t always better” premise is one of the main reasons we strongly recommend that those shopping for solar consider every option available to them, not just the brand big enough to pay for the most advertising. In commercial solar, a handful of large companies handle most of the bigger solar bids, and their business model is based on the assumption that stakeholders won’t know the ins and outs of the market.
On the contrary, some of the best installers on EnergySage aren’t necessarily one of the top three biggest companies in the country. Make sure to get a diverse list of options through our platform and consider every type of installer possible.
Comparing all your equipment options is key
Large installers don’t always offer a diverse selection of solar equipment – some only offer one brand of solar panel and inverter. For this reason, it is equally crucial to get multiple solar bids so you can evaluate costs and benefits based on every equipment package available to you.
Certain panels will have much higher efficiency ratings than others. Depending on the location and roof type of the school, it may make sense to go with nonconventional equipment like thin film solar panels, or it may make sense to choose a high efficiency panel brand like SunPower. There are many variables to consider when seeking out the best solar panels on the market, and the only way to find the best option is to look at a variety of bids that offer varying equipment and financing offers.